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The Scottsboro Boys were nine African American teenagers, ages 13 to 19, accused in Alabama of raping two White American women on a train in 1931.
The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial.
The judge was replaced and the case tried under a judge who ruled frequently against the defense.
For the third time a jury—now with one African-American member—returned a guilty verdict.
A group of whites gathered rocks and attempted to force all of the black men from the train.
A group of white teenage boys saw 18-year-old Haywood Patterson on the train and attempted to push him off the train, claiming that it was "a white man's train".While waiting for their trials, eight of the nine defendants were held in Kilby Prison. The case was first returned to the lower court and the judge allowed a change of venue, moving the retrials to Decatur, Alabama. During the retrials, one of the alleged victims admitted to fabricating the rape story and asserted that none of the Scottsboro Boys touched either of the white women.The cases were twice appealed to the United States Supreme Court, which led to landmark decisions on the conduct of trials. The jury found the defendants guilty, but the judge set aside the verdict and granted a new trial.25% discount for Heritage Center Association Family Memberships Interested parties should contact the museum for additional information. Following the establishment of the county, visitors learn of Sauta and Bellefonte, the first two county seats, while viewing part of the jail which was built at Bellefonte in 1828.The Heritage Center is open Monday-Friday from a.m. Visitors continue to learn about the growth of towns, the routines of everyday life and the changes that occurred due to the construction of the Memphis-Charleston railroad while walking through "Sagetown," a pioneer town consisting of original log structures dating between 1820-1880.